fuming nitric acid

noun
: concentrated nitric acid containing dissolved nitrogen oxides prepared as either a colorless to pale yellow or a red to brown corrosive poisonous liquid and used especially as a nitrating agent and as a powerful oxidizing agent (as in rocket propellants)

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a colorless, yellowish, or brownish fuming corrosive liquid, usually prepared from nitric acid by the addition of excess nitrogen dioxide: used in organic synthesis for nitration, and as an oxidizer in liquid propellants for rockets.
[1785-95]

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fuming nitric acid,
a corrosive, liquid acid used in nitration and as an oxidizer in liquid rocket propellants.

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • fuming nitric acid — nitric acid containing dissolved oxides of nitrogen; it is a very strong oxidizing agent …   Medical dictionary

  • fuming nitric acid — a colorless, yellowish, or brownish fuming corrosive liquid, usually prepared from nitric acid by the addition of excess nitrogen dioxide: used in organic synthesis for nitration, and as an oxidizer in liquid propellants for rockets. [1785 95] *… …   Universalium

  • Red fuming nitric acid — (RFNA) is a storable oxidizer used as a rocket propellant. It consists mainly of nitric acid (hydrogennitrogenoxygen3), also containing 13% dinitrogen tetroxide and 3% water. The color of the resulting red fuming nitric acid is due to the… …   Wikipedia

  • White fuming nitric acid — (WFNA) is a storable liquid oxidizer used with kerosene and hydrazine rocket fuel. It consists of nearly pure nitric acid (hydrogennitrogenoxygen3). WFNA is commonly specified as containing no more than 2% water and less than 0.5% dissolved… …   Wikipedia

  • red fuming nitric acid — red fuming nitric acid, a highly corrosive and unstable form of nitric acid used in combination with aniline in rocket fuels …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fuming sulphuric acid — Sulphuric Sul*phu ric, a. [Cf. F. sulfurique.] 1. Of or pertaining to sulphur; as, a sulphuric smell. [1913 Webster] 2. (Chem.) Derived from, or containing, sulphur; specifically, designating those compounds in which the element has a higher… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Nitric acid — Nitric acid …   Wikipedia

  • nitric acid — n. a colorless, fuming acid, HNO3, that is highly corrosive: prepared by the action of sulfuric acid on nitrates and by the oxidation of ammonia …   English World dictionary

  • nitric acid — Chem. a colorless or yellowish, fuming, suffocating, caustic, corrosive, water soluble liquid, HNO3, having powerful oxidizing properties, usually obtained from ammonia or from Chile saltpeter: used chiefly in the manufacture of explosives and… …   Universalium

  • nitric acid — A strong acid oxidant and corrosive. fuming n. contains about 91% n.; used as a caustic. * * * nitric acid n a corrosive liquid inorganic acid HNO3 used esp. as an oxidizing agent, in nitrations, and in making organic compounds * * * a strong… …   Medical dictionary

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